Clean Combustion and Process Heat

Clean Combustion and Process Heat

Our team is engaged in the development, optimization and testing of plants for the low-emission utilization of biomass and waste materials, both in the pilot plant and in the field.

Our goal is to develop bioenergy plants with extremely low emissions, i.e. biomass furnaces with the pollutant emissions of a gas boiler (near zero emission). We focus on the flexible use of biogenic residues through online sensor technology and fuel-flexible control .

One focus of our work is the development of potentially CO2 negative bioenergy solutions (Negative Emission Technologies).

In addition to combustion and firing technology, we deal with the generation and storage of (high-temperature) process heat for industrial applications.

Short profile M. Eng., Dipl.-Wi.-Ing. (FH) Martin Meiller

Martin Meiler has been employed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Sulzbach-Rosenberg branch, since 2009. Since then, he has been researching projects on the combustion of solids, especially biogenic residues and waste in grate firing systems. In addition, the research field of high-temperature storage as a key to renewable energies in industry falls within his area of responsibility. Since March 2016, he has been group leader of »Energy from Biomass & Waste« and took over as head of the »Energy Technology« department in January 2022. In 2023, the »Clean Combustion and Process Heat« department was newly established, which is headed by Martin Meiler.

Martin Meiller is represented in the following committees:

  • ProcessNet Expert Group Waste Treatment and Materials Recovery.
  • Scientific representative Fraunhofer UMSICHT in the Fraunhofer Energy Alliance
  • Environmental Cluster Bavaria Working Group "Energy from Waste
  • Representative Fraunhofer UMSICHT in the DVV - German Association for Combustion Research e.V.

 

Project highlights from the department: Clean Combustion and Process Heat

 

28.2.2023

UMSICHT develops thermal management for large-scale hydrogen research project

 In the project cluster »Design of Industrial Transformation (Steelworks and Industry)«, Fraunhofer UMSICHT is responsible for the conceptual design of heat management at the industrial port of Bremen.

 

19.10.2020

Electrochemical wastewater treatment generates hydrogen

A novel electrochemical purification process for highly contaminated process wastewater is to generate hydrogen at the same time. In the AECO H2+ project, a test stand with electrolysis cell is being set-up to undertake test for industrial use of the technology. 

 

12.3.2020

Biomass for sustainable brick production

Using the example of a brick plant, the »BioBrick« project shows how process heat and residues from biomass plants can be used for industrial brick production. In the project, a wood gasifier provides the heat (500 - 1000°C). The carbonaceous residues from the gasifier are used as porosification material in the brick. 

 

12.9.2019

Predictive combustion control in waste incineration plants

Online fuel analysis enables predictive control

 

5.3.2019

How efficient are electrostatic precipitators for biomass combustion systems?

 

22.7.2019

Digital Fire: Biomass combustion digitized

Research project combines digitization and process engineering

 

18.10.2018

Smart combustion technology for biomass cogeneration plants

In the Fuelband2 project, an early warning system for biomass cogeneration plants is being developed that can detect the formation of deposits live and then propose countermeasures to the operator. For the first time, a »machine learning« approach will be applied to biomass cogeneration plants and tested in real operation. 

 

14.9.2018

DAnkEE Project- environmentally friendly exhaust gas cleaning by a new filter system

The project contributes to efficient heat and power generation from biomass by further developing flue gas cleaning. Developed plant technology will serve to better utilize cost-effective biomass residues and waste materials and also make this process environmentally friendly by means of a new type of flue gas cleaning.

Our projects

Here you will find a selection of our projects from the thematic areas of the department.

Übersicht

Projektname  Projektinhalt  Laufzeit  Fördermittel-/ Auftraggeber
hyBit Hydrogen for Bremen‘s Industrial Transformation: Heat management sub-project at the industrial port 09/2022-02/2026  BMBF
BO2CCU Oxyfuel combustion of biogenic gases: CO2-negative processes by coupling bioenergy and electrolysis 01/2022-12/2024 Internes Programm SME
EVOBIO_DEMO Innovative value chains turn municipal wastewater treatment plants into producers of sustainable recyclables and renewable energy 04/2021-12/2021 Fraunhofer Gesellschaft e. V.
FlexNOx  Development of a firing system with fuel staging - Nitrogen oxide reduction and flexibilisation of biomass firing systems 2/2021 – 1/2024              Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
Cast carbon TCR coal for use in foundriesInnovation programme Resilient Value Creation Cluster 3 07/2020-12/2020 Fraunhofer Gesellschaft e. V.
BeWise Accompanying research on hydrogen in steel production - Sub-project: By-products and secondary material and heat flows in hydrogen-based crude steel production 07/2020-06/2023 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
BioBrick Biomass as the key to sustainable brick production - energy supply, generation of process heat and material recycling of gasifier residues 01/2020-1/2021 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
AdOnFuelControl Adaptive online fuel characterisation of heterogeneous fuels for optimised firing control 11/2019- 10/2022 Bayerische Forschungsstiftung
Digital-Fire Joint project: Digital-Fire - Optimisation of Data Acquisition and Control Technology for Biomass Firing Systems; Subproject 1: Theoretical and Experimental Investigations, Development of Modules for Data Acquisition 9/2019- 8/2022   Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR)
ODH@SIZ ODH@SIZ - Open ICT ecosystem for cross-sectoral control and operational roll-out of energy infrastructure to a mulifunctional hub for mobility, production and neighbourhood supply 5/2019-5/2023 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Wirtschaft, Landesentwicklung und Energie
DAnkEE Demonstration of a plant for combined dedusting and denitrification -key for the environmentally friendly use of biomass residues and waste materials 09/2018- 08/2021 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
FuelBand2 Combustion and fuel optimisation for the utilisation of residues in biomass furnaces 07/2018-06/2021 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
KlischGa Bio-chemical climate protection gas from high-strength industrial mixed pellets for industrial gas production - Sub-project: Investigation of the gasification behaviour of the mixed pellets 09/2017 - 02/2021  Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
eleMeMe Decentralised decoupling of power generation and energy supply by coupling onsite electrochemical methanol generation and methanol fuel cells 03/2017 – 02/2020 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi) 
MACOR Feasibility study on the reduction of CO2 emissions in the steelworks using renewable energies 06/2017 - 05/2020 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
TheMatiK ower plant technology (load-flexible and part-load power plants) - Thermal and thermochemical energy storage in power plants  10/2016 - 09/2019  Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
FRESBI Optimisation of the fractional separation efficiency of electrostatic dust collectors for use in biomass furnaces - Subproject 1: Power range >50 kW 02/2016 - 07/2018 Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR)
SeMoBioEnergy SeMoBioEnergy - Semi-Mobile Bioenergy from Agricultural and Forest Residues in Chile and Beyond - Teilvorhaben: Aufbau einer semi-mobilen Biomasse Konversionsanlage 09/2015 - 01/2019 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Project Ashes Recycling of nutrients from residues of thermo-chemical processing of bagasse 04/2015 - 12/2018 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Ash2Gas
Microbial biomethane production with hydrogen from thermal gasification of biomass with nutrients from gasification residues / Share UMSICHT Proof of Concept & Evaluation (AP6&7) 12/2014 - 12/2017 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)

Publications of the department

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2023 Prozesswärme in der stahlverarbeitenden Industrie
Kugler, Felix
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 FlexNOx - Entwicklung einer Feuerung mit Brennstoffstufung zur Stickoxidminderung und Flexibilisierung von Biomassefeuerungsanlagen
Gebhard, Niklas; Meiller, Martin
Poster
2023 KliSchGa2 und BioBrick2. Integration von Biomasse in industrielle Hochtemperatur-Prozesswärme
Meiler, Michael; Meiller, Martin; Kugler, Felix
Poster
2023 Development and Commissioning of an Innovative Biorefinery for the Conversion of Contaminated Biomass into High-quality Energy Carriers
Kick, Christopher; Peetz, Pascal; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Meiller, Martin; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 High-temperature process heat from biomass with integrated utilisation of gasification residues
Meiler, Michael; Meiller, Martin
Poster
2023 Corrigendum to: Analysis of Technology Potential of a Metal-based Latent Heat Storage for Backup Process Steam Supply (Chemie Ingenieur Technik, (2021), 93, 4, (605-617), 10.1002/cite.202000169)
Heim, Silas; Komogowski, Lars
Erratum
2023 Characterization of different solid fuels from waste for an advanced online fuel control system designed for large-scale incineration plants
Oischinger, Jürgen; Kohl, Markus; Meiller, Martin; Walberer, Julian; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas; Grafmans, Florian; Warnecke, Ragnar; Breitenberger, Robert; Dannerbeck, Franz; Zwiellehner, Martin
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Setting behavior and mechanical properties of geopolymers from fly ash and real construction waste
Kugler, Felix; Krcmar, Wolfgang; Teipel, Ulrich
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR) - An important link between waste management and renewable fuels as part of the energy transition
Hornung, Andreas; Jahangiri, Hessam; Ouadi, Miloud; Kick, Christopher; Deinert, Lisa; Meyer, Benedikt; Grunwald, Jan; Daschner, Robert; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Meiller, Martin; Eder, Stefan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Steigerung der Brennstoffflexibilität von Biomassefeuerungsanlagen durch Online-Sensorik
Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Sugarcane bagasse ash as fertilizer for soybeans: Effects of added residues on ash composition, mineralogy, phosphorus extractability and plant availability
Dombinov, Vitalij; Herzel, Hannes; Meiller, Martin; Müller, Felix; Willbold, Sabine; Zang, Joachim W.; Fonseca-Zang, Warde A. da; Klose, Holger; Adam, Christian; Poorter, Hendrik; Jablonowski, Nicolai D.; Schrey, Silvia D.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Charakterisierung und Störstoffanalyse von rückgewonnenen Stoffströmen aus Wärmedämmverbundsystemen
Fehn, Thomas; Kugler, Felix; Tübke, Beatrice; Schweppe, Rainer; Mebert, Phillip; Krcmar, Wolfgang; Teipel, Ulrich
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Flexibilisierung thermischer Krafwerke: Eine Literaturübersicht
Heim, Silas; Komogowski, Lars
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Analysis of Technology Potential of a Metal-based Latent Heat Storage for Backup Process Steam Supply
Heim, Silas; Komogowski, Lars
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Development of a New Sensor Module for an Enhanced Fuel Flexible Operation of Biomass Boilers
Meiller, Martin; Oischinger, Jürgen; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2020 Importance of biomass for the decarbonization of industrial process heat supply
Meiller, Martin; Komogowski, Lars
Vortrag
Presentation
2020 Optimization of the fractional collection efficiencies for electrostatic precipitators used in biomass-fired boilers
Oischinger, Jürgen; Steiner, Michael; Meiller, Martin; Hebauer, M.; Beer, S.; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas; Kramb, J.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2020 Full assessment of Sida (Sida hermaphrodita) biomass as a solid fuel
Jablonowski, Nicolai David; Kollmann, Tobias; Meiller, Martin; Dohrn, M.; Müller, M.; Nabel, M.; Zapp, P.; Schonhoff, A.; Schrey, S.D.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2020 Innovative Ansätze zur Integration von Bioenergie in die Prozesswärmeversorgung
Meiller, Martin; Komogowski, Lars
Vortrag
Presentation
2020 Untersuchungen zur möglichen Freisetzung von Nanopartikeln bei der Ablagerung und bodenbezogenen Anwendung von mineralischen Abfällen. Abschlussbericht
Oischinger, Jürgen; Meiller, Martin; Daschner, Robert; Hennecke, Dieter; Hund-Rinke, Kerstin; Meisterjahn, Boris; Schröder, Nicola
Bericht
Report
2020 Soybean Fertilized by P-Phases from Bagasse-Based Materials: P-Extraction Procedures, Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films (DGT), and X-ray Diffraction Analysis (XRD)
Herzel, Hannes; Dombinov, Vitalij; Vogel, Christian; Willbold, Sabine; Vettorazzi Levandowski, Gabriel; Meiller, Martin; Müller, Felix; Zang, Joachim Werner; Fonseca-Zang, Warde Antonieta da; Jablonowski, Nicolai David; Schrey, Silvia Diane; Adam, Christian
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2019 Laub als Brennstoff?
Stahl, Esther; Danz, Philipp; Meiller, Martin; Walberer, Julian
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2019 Nutzungskonzepte für Gärreste und andere biogene Reststoffe in Biomasseverbrennungsanlagen
Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2019 Stickoxidminderung in Biomassefeuerungen - Innovative Ansätze für primär- und sekundärseitige NOx-Minderung
Walberer, Julian; Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2019 Klimaneutrale Prozesswärmebereitstellung - Chancen und Risiken sowie zukünftige Anforderungen an Molkereien
Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2019 Digitalisierung in der thermischen Abfallbehandlung - ein Überblick
Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Optimization of thermal processes for the use of residues from bioethanol and sugar production in Brazil
Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 FRESBI "Optimierung der FRaktionsabscheidegrade Elektrostatischer Staubabscheider beim Einsatz in BIomassefeuerungen"
Oischinger, Jürgen; Meiller, Martin; Beer, S.; Steiner, M.; Schade, C.; Kramb, J.
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Dust filtration influence on the performance of catalytic filters for NOx reduction
Mateus, Giovanny; Meiller, Martin; Soukup, Karel; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 Nutzung biogener Reststoffe in dezentralen Feuerungsanlagen - Chancen und Hindernisse
Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Recycling of nutrients from residues of thermo-chemical processing of sugarcane bagasse and straw - handling of produced fertilizers based on biomass ash
Stahl, Esther; Meiller, Martin; Danz, Philipp; Dombinov, Vitalij; Herzel, Hannes
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 Energetische Nutzung von biogenen Reststoffen vor Ort
Daschner, Robert; Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Vergleich von thermischen Verfahren zur Nutzung von Rückständen aus der Bioethanolerzeugung und Zuckerherstellung in Brasilien
Meiller, Martin; Gehrmann, H.-J.; Baris, D.; Vodegel, S.; Müller, F.; Schaaf, T.; Hermann, L.
Poster
2017 Impaktormessung im Rauchgasstrang einer Müll- und Kohlelinie des GKS-Schweinfurt
Meiller, Martin; Oischinger, Jürgen; Daschner, Robert; Warnecke, Ragnar
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Boiler design with solid-gaseous fuel staging to reduce NOX-emissions and optimize load flexibility
Meiller, Martin; Daschner, Robert; Walberer, Julian; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Dezentrale Wärmeerzeugung aus Reststoffen und Biomasse
Meiller, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Innovative NOX-Reduzierung: Primär- und Sekundärseitige Ansätze zur Minderung von Stickoxid-Emissionen bei Biomassefeuerungen
Meiller, Martin; Mateus Batanero, Giovanny Andres; Walberer, Julian
Vortrag
Presentation
2016 Untersuchung möglicher Umweltauswirkungen bei der Entsorgung nanomaterialhaltiger Abfälle in Abfallbehandlungsanlagen
Börner, Rolf; Meiller, Martin; Oischinger, Jürgen; Daschner, Robert
Bericht
Report
2016 Impaktormessungen im Rauchgasstrang einer Müll- und Kohlelinie des GKS-Schweinfurt
Daschner, Robert; Oischinger, Jürgen; Meiller, Martin; Hornung, Andreas
Vortrag
Presentation
2016 Behandlung nanomaterialhaltiger Abfälle in thermischen Abfallbehandlungsanlagen
Vogel, Julia; Weiss, Volker; Oischinger, Jürgen; Daschner, Robert; Meiller, Martin
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2016 Combustion tests with biogenic residues
Meiller, Martin; Schweimer, Lukas; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2016 Transport behavior of biogenic residues tested on a cold grate model
Meiller, Martin; Walberer, Julian; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Poster
2016 NanoEmission. Untersuchung des Emissionsverhaltens von Nanopartikeln bei der Abfallverbrennung
Oischinger, Jürgen; Meiller, Martin; Daschner, Robert
Poster
2016 Market analysis for a flexible furnace for biogenic residues
Meiller, Martin; Dobler, Christoph; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2016 Market analysis for a flexible furnance for biogenic residues
Meiller, Martin; Dobler, Christoph; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Poster
Diese Liste ist ein Auszug aus der Publikationsplattform Fraunhofer-Publica

This list has been generated from the publication platform Fraunhofer-Publica