Advanced Carbon Conversion Technologies

Developing regenerative carbon sources

The Advanced Carbon Conversion Technologies department conducts research into conversion technologies for residual and waste materials. The aim is to provide carbon for industrial processes and products from sustainable sources as well as in the context of recycling.

The focus is on the development of thermochemical plants and processes for the production of energy carriers such as synthesis gas and fuels from biogenic residual and waste materials as well as the (chemical) recycling of feedstocks containing plastics, composite materials and minerals.

In addition to the conversion technologies, we are intensively involved in the treatment and further processing of the conversion products, e.g. pyrolysis oils, carbonisates, syngases and process water by catalytic processes.

Short profiles department management

Dr.-Ing. Robert Daschner completed his doctorate in mechanical engineering while working at the Technical University of Munich on the optimization of biomass furnaces by combining them with high-temperature heat storage systems. Since then he has been working in the fields of combustion, pyrolysis and gasification on the development of processes and their adaptation to new products and feedstocks. He has been employed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Sulzbach-Rosenberg branch, since 2008.

Dr. rer. nat. Alexander Hofmann holds a doctorate in chemistry and is involved in thermochemical recycling processes for feedstocks that are difficult to recycle. One focus of his work is on downstream processes for pyrolysis products and their processing into basic chemicals for defossilized chemistry.

Subject areas

 

TCR-Technology - Green crude oil from waste

With TCR technology, a large number of biogenic residues can be converted into liquid, crude oil-equivalent energy sources and chemical raw materials.

 

iCycle®

One of the iCycle® technologies major fields of application is the treatment of shredder residues.

 

Chemical recycling

Fraunhofer develops processes for chemical recycling of plastics / plastics recycling. In particular thermochemical processes, purification of pyrolysis oils and...

 

Downstream processes for defossilized chemistry

Catalytic conversion of regenerative feedstocks

 

Synthetic fuels from waste biomass

A standard-compliant diesel or petrol fuel is produced with the patented TCR® process from residual materials such as sewage sludge or organic waste.

 

Carbonization and biochar

Research and development for the generation of carbonization and biochar

Project highlights from the department: Advanced Carbon Conversion Technologies

 

Synergies through integration of biomass utilization and power-to-X in the production of renewable fuels

 

To-Syn-Fuel

EU project »The Demonstration of Waste Biomass to Synthetic Fuels and Green Hydrogen«

 

EU project Phy2Climate

A global approach to reclaiming agricultural land through a combination of phytoremediation, biofuel production and climate-friendly copper smelting.

 

Fraunhofer, SABIC, and Procter & Gamble join forces in closed-loop recycling pilot project for single-use face-masks

 

EU Project FERTIMANURE

From Farm to Market: Converting Animal Manure into Fertilising Products

Our projects

Here you will find a selection of our projects from the thematic areas of the department.

Übersicht

Projektname  Projektinhalt  Laufzeit  Fördermittel-/ Auftraggeber
T-Rex Sustainable monomers and polymers through chemical recycling of used textiles 01/2024-06/2026 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
TF Schadstoffanalytik Rezyklate (CCPE) Task force on pollutant analysis for recyclates from mechanical and chemical recycling 09/2023-12/2023 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Karbo-Self Carbon sink and greenhouse gas reduction through carbonate and heat production from thermochemical conversion of biomass and biomass residues 09/2023-09/2024 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Bewiser Accompanying research project Hydrogen in steel production II 07/2023-06/2026 Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH
ElastoMIMA Task Force im Rahmen des CCPE zum Thema »Market, Innovation and Material Stream Assessment for Elastomers« 02/2023-12/2023 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
EITRM-RENEW Recycling of Epoxys and metals from Nonferrous E-Waste 01/2023-12/2024 EU
ZENK II Fortführung des Projektes »Zentrum für nachhaltige Kraftstoffe« (ZENK) in der zweiten Projektphase 01/2023-10/2026 EU
BO2CCU Oxyfuel combustion of biogenic gases: CO2-negative processes by coupling bioenergy and electrolysis 01/2022-12/2024 Internes Programm SME
ZENK  Sustainable Fuels Centre 11/2021-12/22 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Wirtschaft, Landesentwicklung und Energie
CCPE-Composite Recycling CCPE-Composite Recycling 08/2021-12/2021 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
GreenFlexJet Evaluation of pyrolysis coals; production of TCR coke for application studies 05/2021-04/2023 European Commission
InterPyro Evaluation of pyrolysis coals; production of TCR coke for application studies 05/2021-04/2023 Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH
EVOBIO_DEMO Innovative value chains turn municipal wastewater treatment plants into producers of sustainable recyclables and renewable energy 04/2021-12/2021 Fraunhofer Gesellschaft e. V.
Reststoff2Kraftstoff Energy-efficient recycling of residues for the production of novel renewable fuels - Subproject: Production of EN-compliant fuels from paper residues by means of thermo-catalytic reforming 03/2021-02/2024 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
Phy2Climate Reclamation of agricultural land through a combination of phytoremediation, biofuel production and climate-friendly copper smelter operation 1/2021 - 6/2025  EU (H2020-EU.3.3.3.)
Fleet plastics Improved recycling of plastics through froth flotation  12/2020-12/2021 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
AECO H2+ Electrochemical wastewater treatment produces hydrogen 10/2020 – 9/2022 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
EVOBIO Utilisation of biogenic residues by means of TCR for the provision of synthesis gas for methanol production and TCR oil for phenol extraction 08/2020-12/2020 Fraunhofer Gesellschaft e. V.
Cast carbon TCR coal for use in foundriesInnovation programme Resilient Value Creation Cluster 3 07/2020-12/2020 Fraunhofer Gesellschaft e. V.
Bio-Hydrogen Bavaria Use of biogenic residues to generate green hydrogen by means of gasification and TCR processes 07/2020-06/2021 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)
C2C-L-IV C2+ alcohols, C2+ olefins, synthetic fuel components 06/2020-05/2024 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
PhenoRec Phenol recycling through integrated extraction from plastic waste 01/2020-12/2021 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
FERTIMANURE Added value and safe fertiliser from livestock manure 01/2020-12/2023 EU
iCycle  Recovery of metals and energy from e-waste processing residues 10/2019-09/2022 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
PONAMP Selective laser melting of surface-treated Cu composite powders (PONAMP). 09/2019-08/2021 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie
GFK-Foam glass Use of glass fibre reinforced plastics as a raw material source for foam glass production 07/2019-12/2021 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
Cl-Platform - FORCYCLE II Platform technologies for recycling chlorine-containing waste and recovering critical metals 07/2019-06/2022 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz (StMUV)
Roof project ForCYCLE II Roof project of the project network ForCYCLE II for the networking and evaluation of innovative resource efficiency potentials in the Bavarian economy 05/2019-10/2022 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz (StMUV)
ODH@SIZ ODH@SIZ - Open ICT ecosystem for cross-sectoral control and operational roll-out of energy infrastructure to a mulifunctional hub for mobility, production and neighbourhood supply 5/2019-5/2023 Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Wirtschaft, Landesentwicklung und Energie
PhenOlefin Novel biobased phenolic compounds and olefins from the biorefinery platform "TCR oil" with integrated co-product utilisation 11/2018-10/2021 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Biobattery Canada TCR 30 Commissioning, Training and Implementation of TCR® research units 05/2018-06/2020 Universitiy of Alberta
FlexJET Sustainable Jet Fuel from Flexible Waste Biomass 04/2018-03/2022 EU  (B)
TO-SYN-FUEL

The Demonstration of Waste Biomass to Synthetic Fuels and Green Hydrogen

Final Report

05/2017 - 09/2022 EU (B)  
TheMatiK ower plant technology (load-flexible and part-load power plants) - Thermal and thermochemical energy storage in power plants  10/2016 - 09/2019  Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Release nanoparticles Investigations into the possible release of nanoparticles during the deposition and soil-related application of mineral wastes 09/2016 - 05/2019 Umweltbundesamt (UBA)
SeMoBioEnergy SeMoBioEnergy - Semi-Mobile Bioenergy from Agricultural and Forest Residues in Chile and Beyond - Teilvorhaben: Aufbau einer semi-mobilen Biomasse Konversionsanlage 09/2015 - 01/2019 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Project Ashes Recycling of nutrients from residues of thermo-chemical processing of bagasse 04/2015 - 12/2018 Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Ash2Gas
Microbial biomethane production with hydrogen from thermal gasification of biomass with nutrients from gasification residues / Share UMSICHT Proof of Concept & Evaluation (AP6&7) 12/2014 - 12/2017 Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)Accompanying research project Hydrogen in steel production II

Publications of the department

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2024 Influence of red mud as a catalyst in the thermocatalytic reforming process
Onyishi, Hillary Onyebuchi; Neidel, Johannes; Daschner, Robert; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2024 Recovery of Cerium from Automotive Catalytic Converters
Peer, Michael; Fehn, Thomas; Hofmann, Alexander; Berninger, Burkhard; Kunz, Werner
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2024 Chemical recycling of PVC-containing plastic waste for recycling of critical metals
Peer, Michael; Berninger, Burkhard; Hofmann, Alexander; Fehn, Thomas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2024 Metallrückgewinnung aus EoL-LED-Stableuchten mithilfe von chlorhaltigen Abfällen
Peer, Michael; Berninger, Burkhard; Hofmann, Alexander; Fehn, Thomas
Poster
2024 Production of biobased fertilizers from cattle manure by thermo-catalytic reforming with integrated ammonia recovery
Schönfeld, Sophie
Vortrag
Presentation
2024 Characterization of different solid fuels from waste for an advanced online fuel control system designed for large-scale incineration plants
Oischinger, Jürgen; Kohl, Markus; Meiller, Martin; Walberer, Julian; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas; Grafmans, Florian; Warnecke, Ragnar; Breitenberger, Robert; Dannerbeck, Franz; Zwiellehner, Martin
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2024 Pflanzenkohle aus Reststoffen: Hohe Qualität in der Forschung nachgewiesen
Piepenbrock, Eva; Schönfeld, Sophie
Internetbeitrag
Internet Contribution
2023 Conversion of biogenic waste into high quality hydrocarbons: recent progress in development of TCR technology
Daschner, Robert; Onyishi, Hillary Onyebuchi
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Pyrolysis technologies for valorization of residues - technology development and best practices
Daschner, Robert
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Thermo-catalytic reforming of general waste to produce biofuels
Onyishi, Hillary Onyebuchi; Neidel, Johannes; Daschner, Robert; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 To-Syn-Fuel project
Daschner, Robert; Tuck, Chris
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Verwertung von Reststoffen - Energie und Wasserstoff am Beispielprojekt „ToSynFuel"
Daschner, Robert
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Design of a flexible but robust setup for temperature‐dependent electrochemistry down to cryogenic temperatures
Fink, Michael F.; Schönfeld, Sophie; Schreck, Constantin; Hörner, Gerald; Weber, Birgit
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Pyrolyseverfahren und Pyrolysevorrichtung zur Herstellung von Pyrolysegas und Pyrolysekoks
Artmann, Michael; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Daschner, Robert
Patent
2023 Influence of Red Mud as a Catalyst in the Thermo-catalytic Reforming Process
Onyishi, Hillary Onyebuchi; Neidel, Johannes; Daschner, Robert; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Digital Kreisläufe schließen am Beispiel des Recyclings von Sportbooten, Leichtflugzeugen sowie Bedarfsgegenständen aus Faserverbundwerkstoffen
Burgstaller, Maria; Frick, Felicitas; Potrykus, Alexander; Schramm, Benjamin; Strauss, Felix; Scheer, Selina; Link, Franziska; Behringer, Katharina; Pfuhl, Wolfgang; Schlenga, Robin; Brantsch, Peter; Menrath, Andreas; Müller, Torsten; Nieberl, Martin; Hofmann, Alexander; Reh, Katharina
Bericht
Report
2023 Development and Commissioning of an Innovative Biorefinery for the Conversion of Contaminated Biomass into High-quality Energy Carriers
Kick, Christopher; Peetz, Pascal; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Meiller, Martin; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 InnoTeer - Innovative Technologien zur Verwertung von Teerhaltigem Straßenaufbruch
Fehn, Thomas
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Prüfung der Eignung von Biokohle aus Rindermist als Düngemittel zu Mais im Topfversuch
Schönfeld, Sophie; Hartung, Christina; Westenthanner, Eva; Reiter, Thomas; Heuwinkel, Hauke
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Critical Materials for Climate Technologies in the EU. An overview of five renowned studies
Barkhausen, Robin; Schmidt, Patrick Alexander; Gervais, Estelle; Heumann, Johannes; Hofmann, Alexander
Paper
2022 Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR) - An important link between waste management and renewable fuels as part of the energy transition
Hornung, Andreas; Jahangiri, Hessam; Ouadi, Miloud; Kick, Christopher; Deinert, Lisa; Meyer, Benedikt; Grunwald, Jan; Daschner, Robert; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Meiller, Martin; Eder, Stefan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Greenflexjet to Produce Advanced Sustainable Aviation Biofuel
Majewski, Artur J.; Ouadi, Miloud; Hornung, Andreas; Hofmann, Martin; Daschner, Robert; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Schinhammer, Maximilian; Contin, Andrea; Righi, Serena; MacRelli, Stefano; Bacchelli, G.; Tuck, C.; Langley, M.; Pickard, M.; Hygate, J.; Hilditch, P.; Lima, S.; Askey-Wood, J.; Stent, P.; Lieftink, D.; Heijnen, L.; Capaccioli, S.; Grassi, A.; Cocchi, M.; Meijerink, O.; Beunis, R.; Dwek, D.; Claret Carles, A.; Julia, F.; Álvarez, R.; Blakey, S.; Lewis, C.; Governale, A.; Marino, G.; Cascio, V.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Aqueous phase of thermo-catalytic reforming of sewage sludge - quantity, quality, and its electrooxidative treatment by a boron-doped diamond electrode
Kick, Christopher; Uchaikina, Anna; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Daschner, Robert; Helmreich, Brigitte; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Thermo-Catalytic Reforming of General Waste to Produce Biofuels
Onyishi, Hillary Onyebuchi; Neidel, Johannes; Daschner, Robert; Franke, Matthias; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Triflate vs Acetonitrile. Understanding the Iron(II)-Based Coordination Chemistry of Tri(quinolin-8-yl)amine
Hüppe, Henrika M.; Iffland-Mühlhaus, Linda; Heck, Joshua; Eilers, Maverick; Gildenast, Hans; Schönfeld, Sophie; Dürrmann, Andreas; Hoffmann, Alexander; Weber, Birgit; Apfel, Ulf-Peter; Herres-Pawlis, Sonja
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Zirkuläre Bioökonomie für Deutschland
Buller, Jens; Daschner, Robert; Grimm, Lena; Hofer, Michael; Hüsing, Bärbel; Krayer, Julia; Miehe, Robert; Präg, Elke; Stahl, Esther; Stäbler, Andreas; Stumpf, Anna-Katharina; Vieres, Lina; Volkert, Bert; Wydra, Sven
Studie
Study
2022 To-Syn-Fuel project and the sustainable process for waste biomass conversion
Hornung, Andreas; Daschner, Robert; Eder, Stefan; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Ouadi, Miloud; Jahangiri, H.; Majewski, Artur J.; Graute, L.; Zhou, J.; Lieftink, D.; Grassi, A.; Capaccioli, S.; Contin, A.; Righi, S.; Marazza, D.; Lama, V.; Macrelli, S.; Rapone, I.; Chiaberge, S.; Langley, M.; Tuck, C.; Claret Carles, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Fully assembled & integrated plant to produce advanced biofuels
Daschner, Robert
Internetbeitrag
Internet Contribution
2022 Experimental Investigation of the Influence of Feedstock Moisture Content on the Yield and Quality of the Product From the Thermo-Catalytic Reforming Process
Onyishi, Hillary Onyebuchi; Daschner, Robert; Neidel, Johannes; Franke, Matthias; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Turning sewage sludge into fuels and hydrogen
Daschner, Robert; Capaccioli, Stefano
Bericht
Report
2021 Development of a purification strategy for the aqueous phase from biomass pyrolysis - recovery of valuable products
Kick, Christopher; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Design and Performance Analysis of a Latent Heat Storage for the Operation of a High-Temperature Methanol Fuel Cell
Deinert, Lisa; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Recycling Technologies for Plastics
Hofmann, Alexander; Franke, Matthias; Betsch, Frederik; Rieger, Tobias; Seiler, E.; Mäurer, A.
Bericht
Report
2021 Numerical Simulation of the Thermo-catalytic Reforming Process: Up-scaling Study
Elmously, Mohamed,; Neidel, Johannes; Apfelbacher, Andreas; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Recycling of Mineral Wastes: Removal of organic Contaminants
Hofmann, Alexander
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Chemical Upcycling - Rückgewinnung von hochwertigen Chemikalien aus Kunststoffabfällen
Hofmann, Alexander
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Analysis of the Thermal Management of a High-Temperature Methanol Fuel Cell Using a Latent Heat Storage
Deinert, Lisa; Komogowski, Lars; Daschner, Robert; HHornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 To-Syn-Fuel Project Implements a New Integrated Process to Produce Synthetic Fuel
Daschner, Robert
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Closing the Loop: Recycling of Composite Materials using iCycle®
Hofmann, Alexander
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Development of a New Sensor Module for an Enhanced Fuel Flexible Operation of Biomass Boilers
Meiller, Martin; Oischinger, Jürgen; Daschner, Robert; Hornung, Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
Diese Liste ist ein Auszug aus der Publikationsplattform Fraunhofer-Publica

This list has been generated from the publication platform Fraunhofer-Publica